摘要-比较分析夏洛蒂•勃朗特与简•爱

摘要:
本文主要采用比较研究法和文献资料法就夏洛蒂•勃朗特与其带有自传体性质的小说《简•爱》中的主人公简•爱的人生经历、人物性格、价值观进行对比分析,并在此基础上尝试解释夏洛蒂•勃朗特为何否认简•爱就是她自己。

经过对比可以发现夏洛蒂•勃朗特与简•爱有着相同和极其相似的人生经历、性格和价值观:她们都经历了悲惨的幼年和学生时代,为了生计当过短暂的家庭教师,走过坎坷的爱情之路,形成了孤独、自卑但又自尊、坚强的性格,并一生追求女性的个人自由与平等。然而,在小说《简•爱》中夏洛蒂•勃朗特夸张描述了相当一部分她与简•爱相似的经历,简•爱的遭遇也较夏洛蒂•勃朗特更为悲惨但命运也更为幸运;简•爱的性格也较夏洛蒂•勃朗特更为鲜明尤其是更为独立与叛逆,简•爱对待爱情的态度也与夏洛蒂•勃朗特有微妙的差异。通过分析这些异同能发现简•爱虽不是现实生活中的夏洛蒂•勃朗特但却是她理想中的自己。

The essay makes a comparative study of Charlotte Bronte and Jane Eyre, the protagonist in Charlotte’s autobiographical novel Jane Eyre, on their life experiences, personalities, and values with the method of comparative studying, documentary. And based on the comparative study, the essay tries to explain why Charlotte Bronte declared that Jane Eyre was not herself.

By comparing Charlotte Bronte with Jane Eyre, I find that there is a lot resemblance between them in their experiences, characteristics, and values. They all underwent miserable childhoods and hard school-days, worked as governesses for a short time to make a living, experienced a love full of trouble. Although they developed a loneliness and inferiority complex, they had strong personalities and self-esteem, and pursuited freedom and equality for women through their life. However, a lot of the similar experiences were exaggerated in Jane Eyre. Compared with Charlotte Bronte, Jane Eyre’s suffers was more bitter; fate, luckier; personalities, more distinctive, especially her independence and rebelliousness. And there were subtle differences between the two’s attitudes towards love. Analyzing the similarities and differences between Charlotte Bronte and Jane Eyre we can find that Jane Eyre was not Charlotte Bronte herself in her real life but in her ideal life.

关键词:夏洛蒂•勃朗特 简•爱 比较分析

Key words: Charlotte Bronte, Jane Eyre, comparison

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